Comparative Study of Theory of Social Construction of Reality and Enactment Theory of Allameh Tabtabayi and Explaining Its Implications for Public Policy
Explaining social reality for a long time occupied the minds of philosophers and therefor Various philosophical and sociological schools have provided various theories for understanding the nature of social realities and their production and change process; Theories that belief and commitment to the implications of each of them will have a great impact in the field of public policy making and Especially social policies. One of these theories, is the theory of "social construction of reality", which today has become a theoretical basis for policy making and scholars of the field of policy making designed a models based on its implications for policy making. In the tradition of Islamic philosophy, allameh Tabatabai provided theory of “Etebariat” for understanding the nature of social reality, and this theory explains the nature of social reality in such a way that consistent with religious teachings. Comparative Study of this theory with the theory of social construction of reality and clarifying different paradigmatic foundations of theory of Etebariat such as subjective but related with the reality ontology, realistic epistemology, Agency oriented and essentialist anthropology and Finally realist axiology, will have important implications like Providing a philosophical base for accepting forms of social issues such as hidden and false problems, the possibility of using the Islamic value system to prioritize issues and evaluate solutions, making policies with attention to audiences goals and benefits and emphasis on human agency in the implementation of policies.
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